PLn.n refers to plenary lectures in the Conference Program — Tuesday – Wednesday – Thursday.
Nitish V. Thakor, Ph.D.
Professor of Biomedical Engineering, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, USA
Director, Singapore Institute for Neurotechnology, National University of Singapore.
Moderator: Metin Akay
Time, place: Tuesday 8.30-9.30 in Europahallen
There has been a remarkable convergence in recent years between the biomedical fields of neuroscience and rehabilitation and engineering fields of robotics and prosthetics. This “reunion” of complementary disciplines has resulted in rapid advances in the robotics and rehabilitation technologies on one hand and utilization of brain interfaces and brain signals for targeting suitable clinical applications. This review will address the slow progress in past, explosive recent developments, and now the pending major future challenges to take the science and technology to the patient. I will review the broad field for neuroprosthesis, from sensory (e.g. vision) to motor (upper and lower limb) as well as rehabilitation technologies in these fields. I will conclude with recent remarkable developments in the field of brain machine interface and how these are impacting the development of neutrally controlled dexterous prosthesis (as well as challenges of taking the technology to the patient).
Herta Flor, Prof. Dr.
Professor, Department of Cognitive and Clinical Neuroscience, Central Institute of Mental Health, University of Heidelberg, Germany
Moderator: Thomas Sinkjær
Time, place: Tuesday 17.00-18.00 in Europahallen
The role of cortical plasticity has been in focus for years as the target for efficient rehabilitation. But how large a role does it play? And how is it most efficiently targeted to obtain lasting changes. What are the neural mechanisms and when is the most optimal time window after an injury to the nervous system. What is the role of sensory feedback to the deafferented brain and is multisensory input more efficient. Herta Flor has published extensively on the neural mechanisms behind phantom pain in relation to limb amputations and has published several reviews on cortical reorganization in relation to rehabilitation
Thomas Stieglitz, Ph.D.
Professor, Institut für Mikrosystemtechnik, Bernstein Center Freiburg, University of Freiburg
Moderator: Winnie Jensen
Time, place: Wednesday 8.30-9.30 in Europahallen
Creating novel, neural prostheses applications for the peripheral or central nervous system require neural interfaces and implants that are biocompatible, long-term stable and highly robust. However, only few neural interfaces have been tested or are routinely use in clinical applications today, most of them made with "old-style" precision mechanics technologies. What are the biological, technological, electrical and material science challenges that must be considered when designing an optimal neural interface? Do nano-, micro- and biohybrid systems have a future in clinical applications? Thomas Stieglitz has worked with the design, implementation and test of neural interfaces throughout his academic career.
Walter Paulus, Prof. Dr.
Professor of Clinical Neurophysiology, Klinische Neurophysiologie, Universitätsmedizin Göttingen, Germany
Moderator: Eric Perreault
Time, place: Thursday 8.30-9.30 in Europahallen
Stroke rehabilitation therapy for motor functions aims to activate and reorganize the brain areas related to the planning and execution of voluntary movement. Numerous novel rehabilitation techniques based on non-invasive brain stimulation have been proposed and can lead to functional improvements in the chronic phase following the insult. This talk will review the most promising techniques and discuss their main advantages and disadvantages specifically in relation to their use in the clinic. It will highlight their effectiveness in regards to known clinical outcome measures.
PL3.2: Reanimating Limbs After Spinal Cord Injury
Vivian Mushahwar, Ph.D.
Professor, University of Alberta, Canada. AHFMR Senior Scholar, Division of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation and Centre for Neuroscience.Leader, AIHS Interdisciplinary Team in Smart Neural Prostheses. Director, Centre for Neural Interfaces and Rehabilitation Neuroscience
Moderator: Ole Kæseler Andersen
Time, place: Thursday 16.30-17.30 in Europahallen
The restoration of standing and walking after spinal cord injury has a number of benefits. Intraspinal microstimulation (ISMS) is a novel electrical stimulation technique that uses very fine, hair-like wires to stimulate the "control center" for standing and stepping in the spinal cord. ISMS has the potential to restore walking for distances that exceed that produced by other types of functional electrical stimulation. The talk will review the developments of the technique within animal and address the challenges to translate the technique into a clinical application. Vivian Mushahwars has published extensively on neural prostheses applications for restoration of spinal cord injury.
Conference Program — Tuesday – Wednesday – Thursday.